Outbreak!: The Encyclopedia of Extraordinary Social Behavior

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Anomalist Books, LLC, 2009 - 765 pagini
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From fads, crazes, and manias to collective delusions, scares, panics, and mass hysterias, history is replete with examples of remarkable social behavior. Many are fueled by fear and uncertainty; others are driven by hope and expectation. For others still, the causes are more obscure. This massive collection of extraordinary social behaviors spans more than two millennia, and attempts to place many of the episodes within their greater historical and cultural context. Perhaps the most well known example of unusual collective behavior occurred in 1938, when a million or more Americans were frightened or panicked after listening to a realistic radio drama about a Martian invasion of New Jersey, based on an adaptation of the H.G. Wells novel "War of the Worlds." Less known but equally remarkable scares based on Wells' book occurred in Chile in 1944 (when Army units were mobilized), in Ecuador in 1949 (when riots broke out, leaving more than a dozen dead), as well as in Buffalo in 1968, Rhode Island in 1974, and Europe in 1988 and 1998. The modern civilized world is by no means immune to such peculiar episodes. In the late 20th century, scores of people in the U.S. and Europe were wrongly incarcerated following claims of Satanic ritual abuse by authorities untutored in False Memory Syndrome. This episode recalls the European witch terror of the late Middle Ages, when innocent people were tortured and executed for consorting with the Devil based on the flimsiest of evidence. OUTBREAK! THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EXTRAORDINARY SOCIAL BEHAVIOR is an authoritative reference on a broad range of topics: collective behavior, deviance, social and perceptual psychology, sociology, history, folklore, religious studies, political science, social anthropology, gender studies, critical thinking, and mental health. Never before have so many sources been brought together on the mesmerizing topic of collective behavior.
 

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Cuprins

Altered States of Consciousness
7
Andree Balloon Mania
23
Band Bus Hysteria
40
Blackthorn Barking Mania
53
Dance Frenzies
116
Derby School Fits
133
Epidemic of LSD Hallucinations
147
FantasyProne People
160
Mora Witch Affair
418
Mummys Curse Fainting Fits
439
Naked Cargo Cult
459
Paranormal Phenomena
474
Phantom Florida Gas Poisoning
499
Portuguese Martian Invasion Panics
515
Quakers
529
Running Jumping and Climbing
544

Fibromyalgia
174
Fumigation Hysteria
187
Genital Vanishing Scares
203
Greek Telephone Panic Attacks
224
Halifax Perfume Scare
239
Images that Move Weep and Bleed
266
Islamic Ecstatic Sects
280
Jumping Frenchmen of Maine
294
Laughing Epidemics
309
Louisiana Twitching Epidemic
323
Lyonesse Believers Holy John Sect
339
Mackay Charles
345
Mangzo Cargo Cult
359
Mass Hysteria in Schools
375
Massachusetts Choral Mayhem
390
Milan Outbreak
404
Salem WitchHunts
561
Saudi Teacher Fits
576
Scottish and Welsh Religious Excitement
579
Skunked Workers
592
Spiritualist Mania
605
Stevenage Mystery Illness
618
Taiping Rebellion
637
They Saw a Game Study
657
Toxic Mold Fears
670
Umhayizo Bewitchment Hysteria
683
Verzegnis Outbreak
699
Wacky Wallwalker Fad 711 Washing Mania 711 Water Monster Panic
712
White Slavery Scare
725
Wonder Horse Manias
740
Zoot Suit Riots
753
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Despre autor (2009)

Bartholomew has taught sociology in Australia at James Cook and Flinders Universities.

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