People and Power: Electricity Sector Reforms and the Poor in Europe and Central Asia
World Bank Publications, 2007 - 227 pagini
Empirical insights on household behavior and electricity consumption patterns in this book reveal that, in Europe and Central Asia, the erosion of tariff based subsidies has disproportionately affected the poor, while direct transfers through social benefit systems have often been inadequately targeted. The book suggests alternative strategies for achieving cost-recovery in the electricity sector in a socially and politically acceptable manner, providing lessons that are equally relevant for other utilities and regions.
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AES Telasi analysis Armenia arrears average Azerbaijan Baku Barmek Belarus benefits bills changes chapter collection rates consumer surplus consumers cost recovery distribution companies district heating dram economic effects of reform efficiency electricity expenditures electricity sector Electricity Tariff energy consumption energy sector environmental Europe and Central figure focus group Georgia heat consumption higher Household Budget Survey household survey Households reported impact of reform improved infrastructure investments Kazakhstan kgoe Kyrgyz Republic Lampietti levels lifeline tariffs manat meters Moldova natural gas nonpayment NREDs payment percent of households percentage political poor and nonpoor poor households poverty power sector price elasticity price increases privatization PSIAs region residential rural sector reform Serbia service quality share social Source stakeholders studies substitutes supply Tajikistan targeted tariff increases tariff-based subsidies Tbilisi Telasi Total Bottom 20 traditional fuels tricity Ukraine Union Fenosa utility welfare losses wood World Bank Yerevan
Pagina 6 - East Asia and Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa...
Pagina 119 - For these reasons elasticities of demand for many goods tend to be greater in the long run than in the short run.
Pagina 126 - In the 1990s, international financial institutions, including the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, took an active role in funding rehabilitation investments for district heating in many cities in the region.