People and Power: Electricity Sector Reforms and the Poor in Europe and Central Asia, Pagina 419
World Bank, 2007 - 227 pagini
Empirical insights on household behavior and electricity consumption patterns in this book reveal that, in Europe and Central Asia, the erosion of tariff based subsidies has disproportionately affected the poor, while direct transfers through social benefit systems have often been inadequately targeted. 'People and Power' suggests alternative strategies for achieving cost-recovery in the electricity sector in a socially and politically acceptable manner, providing lessons that are equally relevant for other utilities and regions.
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Powers Reformsand the Problems
Empirical Estimates of Price and Income Elasticity
Using Poverty and Social Impact Analysis
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Affordability analysis areas Armenia average Azerbaijan benefits better bills Bottom 20 budget calculations central changes chapter collections companies consumers cost cost recovery countries customers demand Development direct distribution district heating economic effects efficiency elasticity electricity consumption estimated expenditures factors figure findings fuels Georgia groups higher households impact important improved income indicate investments less levels losses lower means measures meters million mitigating Moldova month monthly na na na nonpoor Note options particularly payment percent percentage political poor poverty privatization produce rates received reduced reform region reliable remained reported result rising rural sector service quality share significant social Source spend subsidies substitutes suggests supply survey Table tariff increases Tbilisi Telasi tion transfers Union Fenosa urban utility welfare wood World Bank