Poverty in the Philippines: Income, Assets, and Access
Asian Development Bank, 2005 - 152 pagini
This publication examines official income poverty statistics and trends, but takes a multidimensional approach in exploring questions of access. The report looks at access by the poor to five important assets: human, physical, natural, social, and financial capital. The report identifies seven broad causes of poverty: macroeconomic problems, employment issues, rapid population growth, low agricultural productivity, governance concerns including corruption, armed conflict, and physical disability.
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ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK 779
INCOME POVERTY AND INEQUALITY
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administration agencies agriculture analysis APIS areas assessment assets average basic beneficiaries budget capital causes changes Chapter communities Department Development disability distribution economic elementary environmental estimates example expenditure families FIES Figure finds goal Government groups growth headcount higher households housing human impact implementation important improved income income poverty increased indicators inequality institutions International investment issues land less living lower major Manila measure methodology million Mindanao mortality MTPDP needs NSCB official overall participation particularly period person Philippines planning poor poorest population poverty incidence poverty line poverty reduction problem productivity programs projects proportion provinces reform Region relative poverty remains Report result roads rural sector shows social social capital Statistical Survey sustainable Table target threshold trend urban women World Bank